Dash diet

The Dash Diet is born in the United States around the 90s and today they are beginning to learn even in Italy. E 'it followed by many Americans, who consider it one of the best in the world diets because it allows you to lose weight and at the same time combat hypertension.

Dash is in fact an acronym that stands for "Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension" which translated literally means "Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension." Recall that for hypertension is meant a constant state (not occasional) whose blood pressure is high compared to the physiological standard considered normal, and diastolic higher than 90 mmHg and higher than 140 mm Hg systolic.

The Dash Diet is aimed at restoring and maintaining normal blood pressure in those subjects where this is due to an unhealthy lifestyle and diet to unregulated, while it is less effective when hypertension depends on secondary diseases or strong genetic component.

basic principles that the Dash Diet is effective physical activities are costing and elimination of risk factors for hypertension such as smoking, alcohol consumption, overweight.

The main rules to follow the Dash Diet are as follows:

1. Reduce sodium in your diet drastically. This means little or nothing to use table salt for seasoning preferring flavorings or spices, and eat a few of salt-rich foods such as meats and cured sausages, cheese, snack foods, packaged snacks and packaged sauces (sodium is often used to store), kitchen nuts, in particular those which contain glutamate;
2. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, rich in water; But avoid soups and ready pre-cooked vegetables,vegetables or frozen soups go well even if it is always better to consume fresh vegetables in season;
3. Consume whole grains and legumes, low glycemic index to control insulin;
4. Consume oily nuts, olive oil and oily fish: they contain polyunsaturated fatty acids that have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system;
5. Favour foods rich in magnesium and potassium because they have a positive effect on blood pressure regulation;
6. Avoid saturated fats and simple sugars: hence limiting red meat and fatty meats, sausages, white sugar and sweets;
7. Avoid all foods preserved in salt or brine and smoked ones;
8. Drink 1.5-2 liters of water per day, preferring the low mineral content.

The Dash Diet can be followed for weight loss, because it is rich in low-calorie and high amounts of water and fiber foods, while low in simple sugars and saturated fats that are replaced by unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats found in fish and nuts oily. The result is a gradual and balanced weight loss, by controlling the levels of cholesterol and insulin peaks.

In a month, following a diet based on the rules of the Dash Diet for daily intake of about 1400 calories, it is estimated that you are able to lose up to 4 pounds with a few sacrifices, controlled way with the blood pressure levels.

Basic indications are used as a condiment only extra virgin olive oil (recommended 4 teaspoons a day, 2 at lunch and 2 at dinner), no salt, eat snacks in fresh fruit or yogurt instead of snacks, or snacks, always have a side dish of seasonal vegetables at will both lunch and dinner.

(You can safely use for 4 weeks by turning everyday)

Monday:
– Breakfast: 1 low-fat yogurt, 3 slices wholemeal bread with 30 grams of jam, a centrifuged fresh pineapple, green tea or coffee without sugar.
– Mid-morning: 1 fresh fruit in season.
– Lunch: 200 grams of green salad and tomatoes, a wholegrain sandwich with 80 grams of lean hamburger meat, salad and tomato, a fresh squeezed orange juice.
– Snack: one low-fat yogurt
– Dinner: soup with 60 grams of legumes (chickpeas, lentils or beans) with 3 tablespoons of tomato sauce and spices, 60 grams of ricotta cheese, 200 grams of steamed spinach.

Tuesday:
– Breakfast: 150 grams of skim milk, 30 grams of whole grains, fresh grapefruit juice, green tea or coffee without sugar.
– Mid-morning: 1 fresh fruit in season.
– Lunch: 150 grams of grilled chicken breast, mixed salad of lettuce, tomatoes, carrots, celery, fennel and cucumber (depending on season), 1 to 30 g slice of wholemeal bread.
– Snack: 1 low-fat yogurt and 2 nuts or dried almonds 4
– Dinner: 60 grams of whole wheat spaghetti with seasonal vegetables and a teaspoon of grated Parmesan cheese, 150 grams of steamed fennel, 1 apple.

Wednesday:
– Breakfast: 150 grams of skimmed milk with a banana or other fruit of choice milkshake season, green tea or coffee without sugar.
– Mid-morning: 1 yogurt skinny white, 2 nuts or dried almonds 4
– Lunch: a sandwich or sandwich with two slices of wholemeal bread or cereal, a layer of cottage cheese or low-fat cheese like Philadelphia light spread, 50 grams of chicken breast, a salad and a slice of fresh tomato, 100 grams of carrots and 100 grams of celery in pinzimonio (vinaigrette: 2 teaspoons extra virgin olive oil, spices but no salt to taste).
– Afternoon snack: 1 fresh seasonal fruit or carrots centrifuged
– Dinner: 160 grams of sea bream, 100 grams of roasted potatoes with rosemary, 200 grams of spinach fried

Thursday:
– Breakfast: 150 grams of milk with 40 grams of oat bran, 2 kiwi or two plums, green tea or coffee without sugar.
– Mid-morning: 1 yogurt skinny white.
– Lunch: 80 grams of brown rice with artichokes, 200 grams of mixed green salad (watercress, lettuce, Belgian endive, corn salad, etc), 1 apple
– Mid-afternoon: a fruit centrifuged or fresh vegetables to choose Season, 2 nuts.
– Dinner: 150 grams of grilled turkey breast, 200 grams of mixed grilled vegetables without salt, 1 orange

Friday:
– Breakfast: one low-fat yogurt with fruit, 30 grams of toasted whole wheat bread with 2 teaspoons of fruit jam, green tea or coffee without sugar
– Afternoon snack: 1 fresh fruit in season
– Lunch: a toast with 2 slices of toasted whole wheat bread, 60 grams of ham and 30 grams of fresh low-fat cheese (type philadelphia light or cottage cheese or cheese first salt), hearty salad of lettuce, carrots, celery, tomatoes, 1 slice of fresh pineapple
– Afternoon snack: a low-fat yogurt with 2 nuts or dried almonds 4
– Dinner: 60 grams of whole wheat spaghetti with fresh tomatoes and spices, 200 grams of steamed beets, 1 pear.

Saturday:
– Breakfast: 150 grams of skim milk, 30 grams of whole grains, 2 kiwi fruit, green tea or coffee without sugar
– Mid-morning: 1 fruit yoghurt
– Lunch: 120 grams of grilled swordfish, 200 grams of steamed broccoli, 1 to 30 g slice of whole wheat bread
– Afternoon snack: 1 fruit of your choice season, 4 almonds secch
– Dinner: 60 grams of brown rice with 80 grams of shrimp, 1 fennel and 2 stalks of celery in vinaigrette, fruit salad of seasonal fruits

Sunday:
– Breakfast: 1 low-fat yogurt with fruit or cereal, 1 banana, 2 wholegrain biscuits, green tea or coffee without sugar
– Mid-morning: 2 tablespoons in total between almonds and dried nuts
– Lunch: 70 grams of seasoned green lasagna with bechamel sauce without butter (made with milk and flour), peas, ham cubes, mixed vegetables and two teaspoons of grated Parmesan cheese, 150 grams of tomato with fresh basil.
– Snack: one centrifuged carrots and celery.
– Dinner: 150 grams of non-smoked trout fillet grilled or baked, 1 baked potato (with the skin), 150 grams of spinach or fennel steamed, 1 cup of berries without sugar.

For us it is very important to remember the following:

Any news or advice on diets or diets contained on the site www.dietaonline.it shall be construed for informational purposes only. This information should never replace the personal advice of a dietician or nutritionist. Therefore, any decision taken on the basis of these indications must be understood as a personal and according to their own responsibilities. An indicative food program in fact, can not in any way a substitute for the medical choices, which is always the decision maker and the final charge.

admin

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15 Comments

  1. Avatar
    fara February 04, 2013

    se non mi piace la trota con cosa posso sostituire

    Reply
  2. Avatar
    Francesca February 04, 2013

    Puoi sostituire la trota con qualsiasi altro pesce magro (non il salmone, per esempio): merluzzo, orata, branzino e perfino sogliola.

    Ciao,
    Francesca

    Reply
  3. Avatar
    gianni February 08, 2013

    quanti chili fa perdere in un mese più o meno?

    Reply
  4. Avatar
    Francesca February 09, 2013

    Buongiorno Gianni,

    in un mese, con un regime alimentare di 1400 calorie – quindi senza sofferenza – si perdono circa 4 chili.
    La Dieta Dash non è veloce, ma garantisce una perdita di peso graduale e quindi più sana ed equilibrata.

    Ciao,
    Francesca

    Reply
  5. Avatar
    cinzia February 17, 2013

    se non piace il petto di pollo con che cosa si può sostituire?

    Reply
  6. Avatar
    Francesca February 17, 2013

    Buongiorno Cinzia,

    puoi sostituire il petto di pollo col petto di tacchino o con la bresaola.

    Quelli ti piacciono?
    ciao
    Francesca

    Reply
  7. Avatar
    stefania February 21, 2013

    scusa io odio i legumi e soffro di colite spastica. quali verdure posso mangiare senza che mi provochino problemi?

    Reply
  8. Avatar
    Francesca February 21, 2013

    Ciao!
    I legumi ti fanno male se soffri di colite…

    Puoi sostituire i minestroni di legumi con semplici passati di verdura (quella a tua scelta) e come verdure preferire cavolfiore, broccoli, finocchi (che tra l’altro sono molto sgonfianti!).

    Che ne dici?

    Buona giornata!
    Francesca

    Reply
  9. Avatar
    Cristina March 13, 2013

    Soffro. di colite posso sostiituire il latte scremato con il latte di soia e lo yogurt con quello di soia ?? Grazie. Cristina

    Reply
  10. Avatar
    Dietaonline.it March 14, 2013

    Certamente Cristina, lo puoi fare!
    (purché anche il latte e lo yogurt di soia siano parzialmente scremati)

    Ciao e buona giornata!

    Reply
  11. Avatar
    luisa cordaro September 22, 2014

    Salve, ho scaricato la dieta dash, la sto seguendo e mi trovo benissimo, ma volevo sapere dopo le 4 settimane, cosa posso integrare? Dolci, frittura ecc…. Grazie attendo risp

    Reply
    • Avatar
      Dietaonline.it.admin October 17, 2014

      Buongiorno, se ha bisogno di una consulenza alimentare può contattare la nostra nutrizionista, Dr. Claudia Troiani. I suoi riferimenti li trova all’interno della rubrica ‘i consigli della nutrizionista’.

      Reply
  12. Avatar
    Elena May 21, 2015

    Scusate questo menù proposto è da 1400 calorie? Grazie

    Reply
    • Avatar
      Claudia Troiani June 13, 2015

      Ciao Elena,
      a occhio mi sembra siano sulle 1400 kcal, ma tieni presente che non è una dieta personalizzata.

      Reply
  13. Avatar
    mauro July 21, 2015

    Salve, vorrei iniziare la dieta Dash, potete dirmi dove la posso scaricare on-line?
    Grazie.
    Saluti.

    Mauro

    Reply

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