Lactose-free diet

L 'Lactose intolerance is one of the f sensitivity footsteps to a common adult food.
Lactose intolerance is due to a deficiency of an enzyme, lactase, responsible for breaking down lactose into its smallest molecules, glucose and galactose, which the body is able to absorb properly.

Undigested lactose accumulates in the intestinal lumen and draws the outside water to a chemical process called osmosis, this causes the typical symptoms such as pain and abdominal bloating and diarrhea.
The enzyme lactase, responsible for the proper digestion of lactose, is produced by the body in large quantities in the period after the birth, when our diet consists almost entirely of milk, then proceeding in the growth, as they introduce other foods in our diet thus decreasing the intake of milk, the body starts to produce less. In some cases, the lactase produced is enough to digest milk and dairy products into adulthood, sometimes instead of production is falling sharply until it was almost nothing, for which the subject manifests symptoms of intolerance to lactose.
The diagnosis is made with a breathalyzer test, called "lactose Breath Test": is administered in a base of lactose drink, and subsequently is measured the amount of hydrogen in the breath. The presence of hydrogen indicates that the lactose was not digested properly, so that the subject is intolerant.
There are different levels of lactose intolerance. Some people can not tolerate either the milk or yogurt and or any kind of cheese, while others can not tolerate milk andfresh atticini (in which the amount of lactose is higher) but do not have problems instead to consume yogurt and seasoned cheese, in which most of the lactose has been converted into lactic acid.
We strongly recommend a diet completely free of milk and dairy products for a 1 to 3 months period ranging, and then try to gradually reintroduce first lactose-free milk and milk products (on the market there are mozzarella, soft cheese and other cheese spreads lactose), then the other fresh and ripened dairy products to evaluate whether there is a small amount that the body can tolerate.

In the first period we can still give a teaspoon of parmesan cheese or parmesan pasta sauce, because their degree of seasoning along with small amounts are not a problem in most cases.
They can be consumed in the first period lettuce, salami sausages (especially the sausages, ham and mortadella), and biscuits or sweets containing milk as an ingredient.

EXAMPLE DIET WITHOUT LACTOSE

BREAKFAST:
soy milk or rice milk or oat milk + 4-6 biscuits without milk or 2-4 biscuits with fruit jam or 1-2 toasted wholemeal bread with fruit jam

SNACK META 'MORNING:
1-2 fruits of the season or 1 soy yogurt

LUNCH:
Pasta or white rice or wholemeal or grain (barley, spelled, etc.) With tomatoes or vegetables and a teaspoon of Parmesan or grana
2-3 slices of ham or 3-4 tablespoons of vegetables or half a box of tuna in brine or a portion of shellfish / molluscs (clams, panocchie, etc.) Or 4-5 anchovies or anchovies
Salad (except lettuce) or vegetables / vegetables of your choice season, preferring those con higher calcium content (spinach, broccoli, watercress, cabbage, broccoli, onions, chard)

At least 2 times a week consume legumes. They can be eaten as a main dish or as a main dish (soup of cereals and pulses)

Drizzle with extra virgin olive oil.

SNACK META 'AFTERNOON:
1-2 fruits of the season or 1 soy yogurt

DINNER:
white meat (chicken or turkey, 2 times per week) or lean red (veal or beef or lean beef, 1 time per week) or fish (sole, cod, sea bass, sea bream, etc. 2-3 times a week) or eggs (1-2 times per week)
Salad (except lettuce) or vegetables / vegetables of your choice season, preferring those with the highest calcium content (spinach, broccoli, watercress, cabbage, broccoli, onions, chard)
1-2 slices of white bread or wholemeal
Drizzle with extra virgin olive oil.

For those wishing to lose weight a few pounds too: no more than 60-80 grams of pasta or rice or cereal for lunch (100 grams of cereals and legumes if you make a single dish with vegetables, legumes in proportion 2/3 and 1/3 cereals), one tablespoon of olive oil olive per meal, no more than 50-60 grams of bread for dinner.

For us it is very important to remember the following:

Any news or advice on diets or diets contained on the site www.dietaonline.it shall be construed for informational purposes only. This information should never replace the personal advice of a dietician or nutritionist. Therefore, any decision taken on the basis of these indications It must be understood as a personal and according to their own responsibilities. A nutrition program indicativo fact, can not in any case substitute for the medical choices, which always remains the decision maker and the final charge.

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