The fruit in all its forms: types, benefits and disadvantages
Since childhood our parents always told us to eat fruit, because it is good. Now, a little 'more grown-up, we know there are different types of fruit and that each of them has advantages and disadvantages to be considered depending on our needs.
From a dietary point of view, the fruit is a very important food for its high content of vitamins, minerals and organic acid salts that help the body recover from the toxic substances accumulated during digestion of fatty foods.
To take advantage of its properties, the fruit must be in season, it must be mature to the right point and obviously must not have undergone chemical treatment.
Another advice I give is to eat fruit between meals, in order to better assimilate its nutrients, while also avoiding the difficulty digestive and stomach swelling.
We present a list of the different types of fruits with the main nutritional characteristics:
- In fleshy fruits. Being rich in water, the fruit pulp in place generally an important diuretic and laxative effect, but most are very refreshing and thus useful in cases of dehydrated body. Are low in calories and contain few nutrients, except for the melon contains a lot of Vitamin A and is a calming and sedative of the central nervous system. A couple of examples? The raw apple has astringent, while the cooked apple is rather mild laxative and is an effective general detoxification. Pears instead have laxative and diuretic. Watermelon, with its high water content, it is also suitable for those suffering from metabolic diseases, such as diabetes.
- Stone fruit. The stone fruit are acidic and contain large amounts of organic acids, withcitric acid, malic acid and tartaric acid which, once absorbed by the intestine, have an alkalizing effect and strengthens the body's immune defenses. They are also rich in vitamins, including vitamin A, which is nell'albicocca in more significant quantities than in any other fruit.
- Berry fruit. The fruit berry fruits include acidic and sugary fruit and soft fruit pulp, with little fiber, except for the prickly pear and pomegranate, rich in Vitamin A and C. According to recent studies, "berries" are excellent in the prevention of cancer diets, for the presence of ellagic acid, especially abundant in strawberries.
- Nuts. The nuts are calorie: the scarcity of water, all the nutrients are concentrated in the pulp. The vitamins are virtually absent, while it remains a good percentage of mineral salts, proteins and, except for the pine nuts, also an interesting presence of fibers. The nuts are then suggested when a highly energetic food is required: in sports, but also for those who need to make substantial physical effort, in vegetarian diets, and in individuals who do not wish to grow heavy with too much food.
- Citrus. They are low-calorie fruit, but they are rich in minerals, especially potassium and contain high amounts of vitamin C in oranges, tangerines and lemons is combined with vitamin A. Both these vitamins have antioxidant power and allow to combat the risk of cooling especially in cold weather.